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  • « This book takes a refreshing step aside traditional approaches for the explanation of life. Signs and grammar-like sequences are everywhere in Nature. We just needed new lenses to read it. This is what this brilliant book is offering with solid and yet very accessible science. »

Vincent Devictor, Senior Researcher at CNRS, ISEM, Montpellier.

  • « Most authors addressing global issues about life just repeat old ideas. Cedric Gaucherel is one of the few who dare venturing new and original proposals about the logic of Nature. His idea that Nature, at various scales, functions and evolves according to some definite grammars, as if it was sending messages to its own future, is definitely worth exploring. »

Jean-Louis Dessalles, professor at ENST, Paris.

  • « I spent my life looking at satellite images, which are open books in which I can read written terrestrial landscapes. This is why Cédric’s book is so meaningful for me. Laurent Polidori. »

Laurent Polidori, Senior Researcher, Director of CESBIO, Toulouse, France.

  • « The works of Cédric Gaucherel revisit the concepts of information and structure and their applications in biology and ecology, and in particular the concept of formal grammar on the basis of discrete model formalisms. One of the most striking points in his book is that it explores the historical properties of such structures, as they appear, grow and transform. Drawing on several examples, the work illustrates some of the most fascinating aspects of life sciences today. »

Jean-Louis Giavitto, Senior Researcher at IRCAM, Paris.


This book is a personal mixture of well-established results and speculative intuitions on Life. The reader should not be afraid by it and try to gain a bird’s-eye view of the coherence of the whole. The reader will often be asked to accept in an unconventional situation, adopting a linguistic and computing science point of view, rather than a more traditional biological and/or mathematical point of view. If there is a small chance that they prove convincing, then I hope that the reader will join forces with mine to explore the linguistic view of nature.



Scientific papers (selection)


  1. Thomas, C., Cosme, M., Gaucherel, C. & Pommereau, F., Model-checking ecological state-transition graphs, PLoS Comput Biol 18(6): e1009657 (2022).(lire en ligne)
  2. Cosme, M. Hély, C., Pommereau, F., Pasquariello, P., Tiberi, C. Treydte, A., & Gaucherel, C., Qualitative Modeling for Bridging Expert-Knowledge and Social-Ecological Dynamics of an East African Savanna, Land: 11, 42 (2021).(lire en ligne)
  3. Zhun Mao, Centanni, J., Pommereau, F., Stokes, A. & Gaucherel, C., Maintaining biodiversity promotes the multifunctionality of social-ecological systems: holistic modelling of a mountain system, Ecosystem Services 47, 101220 (2021).(lire en ligne)
  4. Gaucherel, C. & Pommereau, F., Using discrete systems to exhaustively characterize the dynamics of an integrated ecosystem, Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 0: 1-13 (2019).(lire en ligne)
  5. Gaucherel, C., Pommereau, F. & Hély, C., Understanding Ecosystem Complexity via Application of a Process-Based State Space rather than a Potential Surface, Complexity: 7163920, 1-13 (2020).(lire en ligne)
  6. Gaucherel, C., C. Noûs, Platforms of Palaeolithic knappers reveal complex linguistic abilities. PCI Archaeology, Paleorxiv, wn5za, ver. doi: 10.31233/osf.io/wn5za (2020).(lire en ligne)
  7. Tournebize, R., Gaucherel, C., Language: a fresh concept to integrate syntactic and semantic information in life sciences. Biosystems, 160: 1-9 (2017).(lire en ligne)
  8. Saltré F., Duputié, A., Gaucherel, C., Chuine, I., How will climate, migration ability and habitat fragmentation affect the future distribution of European beech? Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.12771 (2014). (lire en ligne)
  9. Gaucherel, C., Houllier, F., Auclair, D., Houet, T., Dynamic landscape modelling: the quest for a unifying theory. Living Reviews in Landscape Research, 1:31, DOI:10.12942/lrlr-2014-2 (2014).
  10. Gaucherel, C., Salomon, L., A neutral model for river network sinuosity. Geomorphology, 214: 416-422 (2014).(lire en ligne)
  11. Gaucherel, C., Ecosystem complexity through the lens of Logical Depth: capturing ecosystem individuality. Biological Theory, 9 (4): 440–451, DOI 10.1007/s13752-014-0162-2 (2014). (lire en ligne)
  12. Berman, M. Andersen, A.N., Hély, C. and Gaucherel, C., Overview of the distribution, habitat association and impact of exotic ants on native ant communities in New Caledonia. PLoS One 8(6): e67245. (lire en ligne)
  13. Gaucherel, C., Boudon, F., Houet, T., Castets, M., Godin, C., Understanding Patchy Landscape Dynamics: Towards a Landscape Language. PLOS One, 10.1371/journal.pone.0046064 (2012). (lire en ligne)
  14. Gaucherel, C., Jensen, H.J., Origins of evolution: Non-acquired characters dominate over acquired characters in changing environment. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 304:11-120 (2012). (lire en ligne)
  15. Gaucherel, C., Wavelet analysis to detect regime shifts in animal movement. Computational Ecology and Software, 1(2):69-85, (2011).
  16. Legrand, A., Gaucherel, C., Baudry, J. and Menard, J.-M., Agroecological modelling of the effects of cropping systems and landscape compositions on Pterostichus Melanarius (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Agronomy for sustainable development, 31:515–524 (2010).
  17. Gaucherel, C., Analysis of ENSO interannual oscillations using nonstationary quasi-periodic statistics: a study of ENSO memory. International Journal of Climatology, DOI: 10.1002/joc.1937 (2010). (lire en ligne)
  18. Gaucherel, C., Guiot, J. and Misson, L., Previsions of pine (Pinus Alepensis) and oak (Quercus Petraea) productions in South-East part of France for the XXIth century using a process-based tree-growth model. Biogeosciences, 5:1 – 12 (2008).
  19. Gratiot, N., Anthony, E.J., Gardel, A., Gaucherel, C., Proisy, C. and Wells, J.T., Coastal change between now and 2025: the case for the 18.6 year tidal cycle. Nature Geoscience, 1(3): 169-172, (2008). ()
  20. Gaucherel, C., F. Burel, and J. Baudry, Multiscale and Surface pattern analysis of the effect of landscape organisation on carabid beetles distribution. Ecological Indicators, 7 (3): 598-609, (2007). (lire en ligne)
  21. Gaucherel, C., Use of wavelet transform for temporal characterization of remote watersheds. Journal of Hydrology, 269(3-4): p. 101-121 (2002). (lire en ligne)
  22. Gould, A. and C. Gaucherel, Stokes’s theorem applied to microlensing of finite sources. Astrophysical Journal, 477(2): p. 580-584 (1997). (lire en ligne)

Other productions (books)


C. Gaucherel. a scientific novel : « Combien ma mère m’a vendue ». Les éditions Baudelaire. ISBN 979-10-203-4146-4, 118 pages. Introduction PDF


C. Gaucherel. « The languages of nature, When nature writes to itself ». Free book, link to Lulu Editions. ISBN :978-0-244-80008-6, pp 121. Introduction PDF

C. Gaucherel, P.H. Gouyon & J.L. Dessalles. « the hidden side of Life » (2019), ISTE – Wiley Editions. ISBN : 9781786304247, pp 180. PDF

J.L. Dessalles, C. Gaucherel & P.H. Gouyon, « Le fil de la vie, la face immatérielle du vivant » (2016), Editions Odile-Jacob. ISBN 978-2-7381-3395-3, pp 240. PDF

C. Gaucherel : Le quotidien du chercheur, une chasse aux fantômes ? (2013), Editions Quae, ISBN 978-2-7592-2076-2. pp 89. PDF

Lointier, M. and C. Gaucherel, Chapitre : Hydrologie, in Atlas illustré de Guyane, B. J., Editor. 2001, IRD: Paris. pp 215.

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