Checklist of Mangrove species of South East India and Sri Lanka

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Sarcolobus carinatus Wall. - ASCLEPIADACEAE - Dicotyledon

Common name in Telugu : Pala boddu teega

Habit -  Pierre GRARD - IFP Stem -  Pierre GRARD - IFP Habit -  Pierre GRARD - IFP Opposite leaves -  Pierre GRARD - IFP Flower bud -  Pierre GRARD - IFP Flower -  Pierre GRARD - IFP Flower -  Pierre GRARD - IFP Fruits (follicles) -  Pierre GRARD - IFP

Diagnostic characters Botany & morphology Regeneration Reproductive biology Ecology Distribution Uses

Diagnostic characters :

Glabrous, twining shrubs with milky latex; stem base swollen; rhizomes fleshy. Leaves opposite. Flowers yellowish-white; fruits follicle, brown.

Botany & morphology :

Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic - ovate or elliptic - oblong, apex acute to rounded, base cuneate to truncate, 1.5 - 4 x 1.2 - 2.8 cm, sub-fleshy, dark green above, pale green beneath, margin entire.

Inflorescence lateral corymbose cymes.

Flowers small, bisexual, regular; white or yellowish white; calyx 5 partite; corolla 5 - lobed, ovate, overlapping to right; stamens columns short, anthers broad with inflexed tip; pedicels long, twisted, stigma flat.

Fruits follicle, thick, ellipsoid, light yellowish, 3 cm long; seeds 1-cm long, dark brown, broadly ovate, flat, margin thick, winged.

Regeneration :

Epigeal germination.

Reproductive biology :

Pollination by insects and bees.

Ecology :

Frequent creeper in mangrove forests.

Distribution :

In India it occurs in Sunderbans, Mahanadi, Coringa in Andhra Pradesh, Andaman Islands.

Uses :

Leaves and roots are said to be medicinal, tender fruits are edible, roots and follicles used to poison fish.

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